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Important Notice!

Breastfeeding is the best nutrition for healthy growth and development of babies. Good maternal nutrition helps sustain an adequate supply and quality of breast milk. Unnecessary introduction of bottle-feeding, partially or fully, or of other complementary foods and drinks may have a negative impact on breastfeeding, which may be irreversible. Consult your doctor and consider the social and financial implications before deciding to use breast milk substitutes or if you have difficulty breastfeeding. Follow usage, preparation and storage instructions of breast milk substitutes or of other complementary foods and drinks carefully as improper or unnecessary use may pose a health hazard.

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Maintaining a healthy weight in your child

Many parents worry that their child has poor eating habits, is not eating enough or not eating properly. As many as 50% of mothers with children aged between one and ten years old believe that their children are eating poorly or have poor eating habits. However, 20% of these tend to be misconceptions rather than fact.

Signs of poor eating habits

How do you tell whether your child does, in fact, have poor eating habits? There are many, but here are just five signs to watch out for in your child:

xd

Your child takes longer than 30 minutes to complete his meals

d

Your child is underweight corresponding to his height and age

d

Your child avoids meals, covers his mouth, sometimes pretends to vomit and is generally fussy during meals

h

Your child is picky and chooses only to eat foods he is familiar with

x

Your child has a reduced food intake compared to his peers

Causes of poor eating habits

It can be baffling when your child suddenly develops the avoidance of food, especially if he used to love mealtimes, but there could also be a variety of reasons why he has poor eating habits. Generally, it could be due to three main areas – namely food, the child himself or because of caregivers’ habits.

1. Food could be a cause of your child’s poor eating habits if foods given do not fit the child’s taste, or are not suitable for his stage of development.

Food

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Food could be a cause of your child’s poor eating habits if foods given do not fit the child’s taste, or are not suitable for his stage of development

2.The child himself could be the reason for poor eating habits, so take note if your child displays these symptoms:

 

The Child Himself

d

Has disorders in the mouth

d

Has great sensitivity to particular smells and tastes

d

Has a poor appetite and refuses to eat, or eats a lot less than his regular intake

x

Has other physical or functional conditions

3.Caregivers can be another contributor to your child’s poor eating habits, and care should be taken if you recognise any of these indicators:

Caregivers

d

The caregiver places the child in an inappropriate environment for feeding (e.g. with distractions such as the TV or toys)

c

The caregiver’s approach to feeding is either too controlled or negligent (either extreme is bad)

d

The caregiver has a lack of understanding of nutrition, and could be giving your child inappropriate food for his development

Solutions for poor eating habits

Depending on the cause of your child’s poor eating habits, there are various solutions that can be employed to improve them. Whatever the cause, the aim should be to break these habits and instead, form good eating habits that encourage your child to eat healthily for his proper growth and development.

Some children have lower food intake than usual, but it is appropriate for their nutritional needs

Parents’ misconceptions

d

Visit a paediatrician to get advice on children’s growth and nutrition

g

Adopt the 9 tips for Moms

Your child enjoys playing and being active, but doesn’t show the same interest in food

Active children sometimes forgot to eat

d
d

Adopt the 9 tips for Moms

g

Offer high calorie foods (1Kcal/1ml) to support your child’s growth

Illnesses and diseases, especially diabetes, can cause poor appetite

Illnesses

f

Seek timely treatment for your child

g

Provide nutritional support for your child as directed by your doctor

Your child refuses certain foods because of their smell or shape

Pickiness

d

Show your child pictures of food to familiarise them with various foods

f

Let your child be involved in food preparation

d

Adopt the 9 tips for Moms

d

Consider nutritional supplements if there are certain foods your child will not take

9 tips for Moms

Dietary habits can persist through to adulthood if not managed, so it is crucial to find solutions to improve your child’s poor eating habits. These are nine tips that Moms can adopt to improve your child’s eating habits:

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Have your child concentrate on eating without distractions (such as toys or the TV)

d

Offer your child age-appropriate food

d

Encourage your child when he eats well

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Limit mealtimes to 30 minutes

c

Avoid forcing your child to eat, or openly showing your frustration

f

Patiently introduce food, starting with non-preferred items before favourites

xs

Encourage your child to feed himself

d

Parents should be good role models for their child

b

Avoid snacks between meals with an interval of at least three hours to improve your child’s appetite

Advanced reading: consequences of forced feeding

Care should always be taken in managing difficulties in feeding or poor eating habits as this could result in mild to severe stress on both the caregiver and the child, including a tensed relationship between mother and child.

More severe consequences include clear physical effects such as slow weight gain on the child and lowered immunity, as well as psychological effects such as frustration and anxiety during feeding time that leads to depression or additional disorders. Rather than trying to force-feed the child, the focus should be on adopting solutions to encourage the child to improve his eating habits.

Mild

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Creates a stressful relationship between mother and child

Severe

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Physical effects
Slow weight gain, lack of nutrients, and low immunity

 

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Psychological effects
Frustration and anxiety during feeding time may lead to mild depression or disorder

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